Coriolus versicolor or Trametes versicolor is a very common fungus that grows on organic substrates such as tree trunks from which it obtains its nourishment. Due to its woody consistency, it is not considered a good edible mushroom. However, it is commonly used as an infusion or extract due to its biochemical composition. It is also known as Turkey Tail because its carpophore is very similar to the tail feathers of a turkey.
The most extensively studied medicinal mushroom due to major scientific interest. Reishi contains more than 400 active biomolecules, which include betaglucans and triterpenes, which are associated with anti-ageing effects, stress management, hormonal regulation and a reduction in anxiety because of their antiinflammatory and analgesic qualities. Reishi is also widely used for its anti-tumour action in oncology.
Cordyceps is known mainly for its energising, aphrodisiac and hormone regulating Effects. It has shown benefits mainly in fatigue, depression, infertility, menstrual disorders and libido disturbances such as as in COPD, asthma, renal failure and hepatitis. Scientific studies also support its role as an antiviral and Anti-tumoural agent. It stands out for its high cordycepin content (Cordyceps’ main active biomolecule), known for its multiple therapeutic properties
A regulator of the immune system, this medicinal mushroom is effective for allergies, autoimmune conditions and infectious processes. It is one of the medicinal mushrooms most commonly utilised in integrative oncology. Biomedical research confirms it contains a considerably higher content of B-glucans than other medicinal mushrooms, these active biomolecules are immunomodulators.
Much research and study has been done on Shiitake, for its action on the cardiovascular system, especially relating to blood pressure regulation, cholesterol, obesity and weight management. Shiitake is also considered to have an antitumour effect.
An excellent medicinal mushroom for its effect on the lymphatic system, supporting fluid retention with a draining effect, being a natural diuretic as well as a natural mucolytic. It has been traditionally used as a diuretic for the treatment of urogenital tract infections and kidney related disorders such as kidney stones and colic. Polyporus also has a potent anti-tumour effect.
The medicinal properties of Hericium erinaceus have been reported by a multitude of studies as neuroprotective, a neuroregenerator, gastroprotective, a prebiotic for the microbiota and a repairer of the intestinal mucosa. Supplementation with Lion's Mane shows positive action against cognitive impairment and decline, gastric ulcers and gastritis and this medicinal mushroom is a powerful immunomodulator used in oncology.
Maitake has been the subject of numerous scientific studies over the last thirty years, due to its medicinal properties that confer significant benefits for human health. Demonstrating detoxifying effects, alongside immunomodulatory and antitumoural actions while showing improvements in individuals with diabetes, hypercholesterolaemia, PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome) and obesity.
Known as the pearl of the north, this medicinal mushroom has a long tradition in Siberian medicine. It is noted for its results in immune system disorders due to its quantity and variety of polysaccharides as immunomodulatory substances. It is also noted as an excellent antioxidant, hepatoprotective and heart-healthy agent.
The most studied species of Oyster Mushroom or Pleurotus have proven their effectiveness in improving the health of the microbiota, repairing the intestinal lining with a prebiotic effect. There are also studies of this medicinal mushroom which demonstrate its importance as an adjuvant in oncology treatments due to its anti-tumor action.