Mycotherapy, Acupuncture and IVF: Natural Solutions for Fertility

Fertility issues are common around the world today. In the UK, approximately 1 in 6 couples have trouble conceiving. This equates to around 3.5 million people. 

IVF is often recommended as a treatment for those who struggle with fertility, when other therapeutic options are unsuccessful. However, though IVF has a high success rate of around 45-54% after 3 full cycles, there’s still a significant chance that IVF may not work. 

Couples are increasingly turning to natural solutions to assist with these fertility concerns, ranging from Acupuncture and IVF, to Mycotherapy. 

How Acupuncture Helps with IVF

Research indicates that Acupuncture treatments conducted before and after IUI and the transference of embryos may significantly increase pregnancy rates. Clinicians believe that acupuncture is effective because it increases blood flow to the uterus, while also regulating hormone levels, improving sperm counts in males, and reducing stress. 

Acupuncture is a useful component throughout fertility treatments and pregnancy to treat a range of conditions that may lead to pregnancy issues. Experts believe that Acupuncture can improve fertility health, by:

  • Boosting IVF success through improving diminished ovarian reserves
  • Normalizing menstrual cycles and hormones
  • Increasing successful birth chance by improving body wellbeing
  • Improving pregnancy outcomes after pregnancy loss
  • Increasing blood flow to the ovaries and uterus to improve chances of implantation
  • Returning ovulation following the effects of PCOS.

A meta-analysis published in the British Medicine Journal reveals that acupuncture protocols can improve chances of success in IVF treatment by 65%. 

Natural Support for IVF Treatment

Acupuncture, administered correctly, is a valuable tool to augment the effects of IVF and increase the chances of pregnancy. However, various factors are essential to the potential of acupuncture treatment, including the selection of the correct acupuncture points, the timing of the treatments, and the use of the right acupuncture modalities. 

Acupuncture is also not the only natural solution that may offer benefits for fertility. Apart from the Acupuncture, Mycotherapy, or medicinal mushrooms, offer a valuable way to enhance the performance of IVF in people struggling with fertility. Indeed, mushrooms can assist in various ways to improve pregnancy chances. 

Some of the most effective medicinal mushrooms for fertility include:

  • Cordyceps mushrooms: These mushrooms have been used for centuries to improve the fertility of men and women. They increase levels of testosterone in men, and progesterone in women, as well as supporting lung and kidney behaviour. Cordyceps mushrooms can improve energy levels, enhance cardiovascular strength, and more. 
  • Chaga mushrooms: Chaga is a potent source of antioxidants, supporting cellular function and healthy DNA. The Chaga mushroom is also beneficial in balancing sugar and blood cholesterol, which could protect mothers against gestational diabetes. Changa can support the microbiome and metabolism of hormones, specifically the androgens often present in women with PCOS. 
  • Reishi mushrooms: Known around the world for its healing abilities, Reishi is a medicinal mushroom that can help to calm and balance the nervous system, supports healthy sleep and encourages wellbeing. This natural product may also reduce pelvic inflammation when administered regularly. Reishi could be helpful in reducing the discomfort caused by uterine fibroids, endometriosis and more. 
  • Shiitake mushrooms: Shiitake mushrooms are supportive to both overall health, and cardiovascular performance. Shiitake can reduce blood pressure and support healthy circulation around the reproductive system. Shiitake can also support and strengthen the immune system, supporting the body in managing stress and improving sexual function. Shiitake can also reduce the growth of Candida albicans. 
  • Maitake: Maitake mushrooms contain antioxidants and immune-enhancing compounds. The dried mushroom can include significant amounts of Vitamin D, which is crucial for the regulation of ovulation.

Natural Solutions for Fertility

Acupuncture and IVF are just one combination of treatments that may assist with fertility and improve the chances of successful reproduction. Studies are increasingly revealing that natural solutions to support IVF treatment can have a significant impact on the outcome of various efforts intended to promote reproduction, and healthy sexual performance. 

Combining Mycotherapy, Acupuncture, and IVF could be the key to achieving the best possible chances of successful implantation. Mycotherapy can improve the overall health of the body, with food supplements based in medicinal mushrooms that may support the reproductive system. Acupuncture could be effective at improving blood flow, and moving the nutrients delivered by mushrooms around the body. 

The key to success with this natural approach is ensuring that the right balance of treatment is available, from the correct supplements, to the most effective Acupuncture timed therapies.

The role of medicinal mushrooms in bacterial overgrowth: restoring gut health and emotional state

Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, or SIBO, is an increasingly common condition that can cause discomfort and affect the quality of life for sufferers. If you are looking for a natural approach to treating SIBO, consider the benefits of medicinal mushrooms. In this article we review which medicinal mushrooms can be an effective option for restoring gut health and how they can control bacterial overgrowth.

In addition, we bring to the table recent studies conducted by reputable laboratories that take safety measures and pharmaceutical excellence protocols seriously in the production of premium quality supplements from medicinal mushrooms.

What are medicinal mushrooms and why are they useful in small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)?

Medicinal mushrooms are a special category of mushrooms that contain bioactive compounds with therapeutic properties that have been studied for years and are being validated by modern science in recent years. 

Specifically, species such as Lion’s Mane and Reishi have been used for centuries in the traditional medicine of different cultures to treat various conditions, including those related to the digestive system and the gut-brain axis. As we have mentioned, Reishi and Hericium stand out for digestive and emotional wellbeing, but Shiitake and Oyster mushroom have much to contribute to the treatment of intestinal eubiosis.

One of the most outstanding characteristics of the aforementioned mushrooms is their great action as regulators of the intestinal microbiota, being able to act on common disorders such as SIBO, SIFO (intestinal candidiasis) and related symptoms: poor digestion, flatulence, heavy digestion, etc. In addition, these mushrooms, given their active biomolecules, can act as a preventative in the care of the vaginal microbiota, skin and mucous membranes.

When choosing a supplement containing Reishi, Lion’s Mane or Oyster Mushroom, it is important to be confident in the user’s confidence. In this respect, it is important that the bioactive substances it contains are qualitatively and quantitatively reflected on the packaging. You can find out more about how to choose the best natural supplement in our quality section.

Benefits of medicinal mushrooms for bacterial overgrowth or SIBO:

Microbiota imbalances have been linked to more than 105 diseases such as metabolic disorders, inflammatory diseases and autoimmune disorders, among many others. The prebiotic fibre content of mushrooms naturally regulates dysbiosis and relieves frequent digestive discomfort (bloating, flatulence, heavy digestions…). 

Below you can see actions referenced in publications and clinical trials:

Microbiota regulators in SIBO diagnosis:

  • The laboratory’s exclusive organic strains of Reishi and Hericium from Hifas da Terra have been shown to regulate the microbiota in SIBO in patients with IBS(1). 
  • H. erinaceus relieves intestinal inflammation and promotes the growth of beneficial bacteria(5).
  • It also enhances host immunity in vivo in Inflammatory Bowel Disease(6).

Prebiotics for dysbiosis and SIBO

Medicinal mushrooms with prebiotic effect(2-4) that nourish the gut microbiota and promote the development and establishment of a healthy gut microbiota.

Other qualities:

  • Antimicrobial: Several studies have shown that certain medicinal mushrooms possess antimicrobial properties, meaning they can inhibit the overgrowth of unwanted bacteria in the small intestine.
  • Boosting the immune system: Medicinal mushrooms contain bioactive compounds that can strengthen the immune system. By strengthening the immune response, medicinal mushrooms may help regulate the gut microbiota and reduce the recurrence of SIBO.
  • Anti-inflammatory: SIBO can cause inflammation in the intestinal lining, which aggravates symptoms and makes healing more difficult. Some medicinal mushrooms, such as reishi and shiitake, contain compounds with anti-inflammatory properties. These properties may help reduce inflammation in the gut, relieve symptoms and promote healing of the intestinal mucosa.

Studies with exclusive medicinal mushroom formulas in case of SIBO


As mentioned above, Hifas  da Terra has recently carried out a study on 20 people by the Andalusian Unit of Functional Digestive Disorders (Dr. Manuel Medina + Nutritionist Ms. Alicia Salido) which demonstrates the benefits of medicinal mushrooms in the case of SIBO. Alicia Salido) which demonstrates the benefits of the synergy of Reishi and Melena de Léon HdT strains present in the new Hyphae-Microbiota formula for the improvement of SIBO symptoms, the regulation of the microbiota as well as its action on stress and emotions in patients with positive SIBO Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

How to use medicinal mushrooms in dysbiosis and bacterial overgrowth:

Medicinal mushrooms can be consumed in dietary supplement form, in fact most of the scientific studies carried out are based on extracts or powdered, concentrated forms of their active biomolecules. 

On our quality page we explain how to differentiate quality food supplements developed from medicinal mushrooms. Here we focus on key aspects such as safety, their production – organic cultivation guarantees the absence of toxic substances – and their extraction method – guarantees the amount of bioactive substances in the product. This information is essential when choosing the best supplement for health care in general and microbiota care in particular.

Summary: Medicinal mushrooms and SIBO

Medicinal mushrooms offer a promising natural integrative option in the treatment of SIBO. Their prebiotic properties and their ability to restore intestinal eubiosis, coupled with their antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activity, make them a valuable option for restoring intestinal health and addressing small intestinal bacterial overgrowth.

However, it is important to remember that each individual is unique, and it is advisable to consult a doctor or specialist before starting any treatment for SIBO, including the use of medicinal mushrooms. It is also important to be aware of the production and quality criteria of each manufacturer, as the selection of the strain, substrate and other production criteria as well as the methods of obtaining the extract and powder determine the quality of the final product and its activity. 


  1. Rojo D, Méndez-García C, Raczkowska BA, Bargiela R, Moya A, Ferrer M et al. Exploring the Human Microbiome From Multiple Perspectives: Factors Altering Its Composition and Function. FEMS Microbiol Rev. 2017; 41 (4): 453-78. 
  2. Jayachandran M, Xiao J, Xu B. A Critical Review on Health Promoting Benefits of Edible Mushrooms through Gut Microbiota. Int J Mol Sci. 2017 Sep 8;18(9):1934. 
  3. Synytsya, A., Mícková, K., Synytsya, A., Jablonský, I., Spevácek, J., Erban, V., … & Copíková, J. (2009). Glucans from fruit bodies of cultivated mushrooms Pleurotus ostreatus and Pleurotus eryngii: Structure and potential prebiotic activity. Carbohydrate polymers, 76(4), 548-556.
  4. 4.Spisni E, Turroni S, Alvisi P, Spigarelli R, Azzinnari D, Ayala D, Imbesi V, Valerii MC. Nutraceuticals in the Modulation of the Intestinal Microbiota: Current Status and Future Directions. Front Pharmacol. 2022 Mar 18;13:841782.
  5. Xie XQ, Geng Y, Guan Q, Ren Y, Guo L, Lv Q, Lu ZM, Shi JS, Xu ZH. Influence of Short-Term Consumption of Hericium erinaceus on Serum Biochemical Markers and the Changes of the Gut Microbiota: A Pilot Study. Nutrients. 2021 Mar 21;13(3):1008. 
  6. Diling C, Xin Y, Chaoqun Z, Jian Y, Xiaocui T, Jun C, Ou S,Yizhen X. Extracts from Hericium erinaceus relieve inflammatory bowel disease by regulating immunity and gut microbiota. Oncotarget. 2017 Sep 6;8(49):85838-85857. 
  7. Schwartz B, Hadar Y. Possible mechanisms of action of mushroom-derived glucans on inflammatory bowel disease and associated cancer. Ann Transl Med. 2014 Feb;2(2):19. 
  8. Zhao, J., Hu, Y., Qian, C., Hussain, M., Liu, S., Zhang, A., …& Sun, P. (2023). The Interaction between Mushroom Polysaccharides and Gut Microbiota and Their Effect on Human Health: A Review. Biology, 12(1), 122. 
  9. Xu CP, Liu WW, Liu FX,Chen SS, Liao FQ,Xu Z, Jiang LG, Wang CA, Lu XH. Chin Med J (Engl).1985 Jun;98(6):455-6. A double-blind studyof effectiveness of Hericium erinaceus pers therapy on chronic atrophicgastritis. A preliminary report.

Medicinal mushrooms: Supplements to reduce inflammation in the body

Supplements to reduce inflammation in the body represent a crucial avenue of investigation for today’s medical professionals. Inflammation and chronic inflammatory diseases have been linked to more than 50% of all deaths in the world. Indeed, inflammation stands as the most common symptom of many chronic and acute conditions, ranging from various cancers to cardiac events. 

When operating as normal, the human body leverages inflammation as a way to fight back against infections, diseases, and toxins. Unfortunately, chronic inflammation is an increasingly common problem in an environment influenced by the increase of free radicals, oxidization, and infection. 

Medical mushrooms represent a powerful clinical tool for the safe and controlled reduction of inflammation. These natural supplements to reduce inflammation in the body have no major side effects, unlike other common treatments such as NSAIDs. Medicinal mushrooms are immunomodulating substances, capable of adapting to the individual needs of the patient, and they are backed by extensive scientific data. 

Medical Mushrooms: The Natural Solution for Inflammation

Inflammation and chronic inflammation are two issues becoming increasingly problematic in the modern world, driven by exposure to chronic stress, alcohol consumption, smoking, pollution, obesity, and poor dietary practices. 

Inflammation is the name used to refer to a complex set of interactions happening within the human body following response to infections, trauma, and injuries. In normal cases, the body’s response to inflammatory cytokines and substances is self-limiting, through degradation of the proinflammatory protein expression and the increased expression of anti-inflammatory proteins.

Unfortunately, exposure to various irritants and environmental factors can damage the body’s natural inflammatory response, allowing for an overproduction in inflammatory mediators. 

When inflammation becomes excessive, cell damage can be a common result. Prolonged inflammation causes various inflammatory diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, multiple sclerosis, bronchitis, gastritis, and atherosclerosis. Links have also been established between inflammation and cancer development. 

Traditionally, treatments for chronic inflammation has been limited. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) like ibuprofen and aspirin can deliver short-term relief from pain and inflammation, but long-term use is linked to higher risks of peptic ulcer disease and kidney problems. 

Corticosteroids can decrease inflammation and suppress the immune system response. Since the immune system is responsible for creating inflammation, this helps to reduce symptoms, but steroids can also attack healthy tissue and natural immune system responses. Long-term use of corticosteroids can frequently lead to problems like osteoporosis and high blood pressure. 

Immune Modulators for Inflammation Treatment

Traditional treatments for chronic inflammation too often focus on suppressing the immune system, rather than modulating the performance. This means that necessary inflammation and immune response is not available when needed. Supplements to reduce inflammation in the body, like medical mushrooms, take an alternative approach, by modulating the immune system. 

Medicinal mushrooms contain various bioactive compounds like lectins, steroids, phenolic compounds, terpenoids, proteoglycans, and polysaccharides. These compounds have therapeutic effects which allow them to act as inflammatory mediators, immune-modulatory solutions, and antioxidants. Medicinal mushrooms can fight against the issues causing inflammation in the body, and reduce inflammation without harming the necessary function of the immune system. 

Medicinal mushrooms like Reishi have a holistic effect, by promoting and maintaining homeostasis in the human body. Reishi terpenes, for instance, inhibit the release of proinflammatory substances, meditating pathways like AP-1. 

These mushrooms are otherwise known as BRMs (Biological Response Modifiers), which work in harmony with the body to regulate the inflammation as required by the host. Medicinal Mushrooms can be used preventatively, medicinally, and as maintenance, which means there’s no risk of over-medication. 

The therapeutic efficacy of these mushrooms depends on the structure of the supplementation. To effectively manage inflammation, mushroom supplementation must include the right balance of inflammatory mediators, including triterpenes (ganoderic acids), phenolic and indolic compounds, polysaccharides, sterols, vitamins, minerals and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Key mushrooms with higher amounts of these substances include:

  • Reishi
  • Lion’s mane
  • Cordyceps
  • Maitake
  • Shiitake

How Medicinal Mushrooms Differ from Other Supplements

Compared to other potential supplements to reduce inflammation in the body, medicinal mushrooms have unique capabilities. These products are not isolated compounds, they contain a wide range of complementary compounds to enhance overall performance and improve holistic benefits. For instance, a Reishi mushroom supplement can regulate inflammatory mediators like non-cytokine pathways, NO, and PGE2 signal, while inhibiting NF-K-B signalling. These substances can also reduce the production of Il-6, TNF-Alpha, and IFN-Gamma, alongside other inflammatory cytokines, while reducing oxidative stress. 

Medicinal mushrooms are increasingly being used to treat a variety of diseases influenced by inflammation, such as:

Terpenes in Reishi mushroom can even fight back against cancer by impeding the growth and development of cancerous cells. Triterpenes, as the most important group of  antiinflammatory bioactive compounds in medicinal mushrooms, can significantly reduce the risk of inflammation-based conditions. Additionally, fungi are the only non-animal substance which contains ergosterol- pro-vitamin D2, which is a powerful tool for fighting inflammation and helping modulation of the immune system.

As a clinical tool for treating inflammation and chronic conditions, medicinal mushrooms have been gaining more attention for several decades. Growing evidence is building on top of empirical evidence from a millennium of traditional use. The results of several studies show low risk of side effects and interactions with other supplements and medications, as well as high performance outcomes. 

Safe Supplements for Inflammation

Compared to traditional treatment options for chronic inflammation, medicinal mushrooms are an effective and safe form of anti-inflammation treatment. Rather than inhibiting the immune system, the natural compounds within medicinal mushrooms can regulate the immune system and modulate the response to various inflammation triggers. 

What’s more, these substances are proven to have minimal risks compared to other treatment options. Unlike other medicines and herbal treatments, medicinal mushroom supplements will have a very low risk of any significant interaction with existing medications. 

For example, Nature scientific report in 2016 highlights that both Ganoderma lucidum and Cordyceps sinensis are listed as the safest drug class (Class 1 Drug) in the American Herbal Products Association Botanical Safety Handbook, with no known herb-drug interactions. In fact, most human clinical trials investigating medicinal mushrooms have included safety haematological and biochemical (including hepatic and renal) biomarkers, and reported no pathological abnormalities, and no moderate, serious or severe adverse events. 

Gastritis stomach pain: medicinal mushrooms for natural relief

Gastritis stomach pain is a common side effect of gastritis. This condition, characterized by the erosion and inflammation of the stomach lining, is often exacerbated by various factors. Certain foods, alcohol, and even anti-inflammatory drugs commonly cause issues with gastritis. Even stress may have a caustic effect on the stomach lining.

Gastritis stomach pain is often classified as uncomplicated, but treatment options are far from comprehensive. Recommended dietetic support for gastritis focuses on avoidance of substances which might irritate the existing inflammation, like alcohol, irritating foods, and milk. Though this can lessen symptoms, it cannot eliminate underlying problems. 

Medicinal mushrooms could be the answer to healing the gut microbiota, improving stomach functioning, and reducing symptoms for improved quality of life.

Treating Gastritis Stomach Pain

Gastritis stomach pain can last for years when not addressed with the correct treatment, often flaring when exposed to common irritants. Gastritis side-effects are more than just standard discomfort. People with this condition often experience burning and gnawing stomach pain, inability to maintain a healthy diet due to nausea, feeling full after eating, or indigestion. 

If the stomach lining wears away too much, then it could be exposed to stomach acid, causing bleeding, ulcers, and further serious conditions. Repairing the stomach lining and preventing gastritis stomach pain in the long-term requires a natural approach. Natural treatment options can alleviate issues without further disrupting the stomach function. 

Medicinal mushrooms like Lion’s Mane represent a new natural product with a scientifically-proven success rate for addressing gastro complaints. Though Hericium Erinaceus, or “Lion’s Mane”, is probably best-known as a nootropic, capable of supporting better brain health, it is also gastro-protective, making it a valuable tool for gut and stomach health

The Benefits of Medicinal Mushrooms for Gastritis 

For Gastritis stomach pain, studies demonstrate that Lion’s Mane can significantly reduce the growth of H.pylori – the bacteria commonly known for causing stomach ulcers. This could make Lion’s Mane a crucial tool for protecting the stomach in chronic gastritis conditions. Further, studies have shown that Lion’s Mane polysaccharides have both anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. 

One of the primary issues increasing Gastritis stomach pain for most patients is the presence of significant stress, both emotional and physical. A study in 2017 found that the polysaccharides in Lion’s Mane can prevent oxidative stress in human gastric epithelial cells

The research reveals overwhelmingly that extracts from Lion’s Mane can support gastrointestinal mucosa repair, and fight against H. Pylori. The protection against H. Pylori is particularly significant because it can reduce the risk of Gastritis pain becoming more significant.

Further, because Lion’s Mane is a prebiotic, it can help to support the natural healing and regrowth of the gut microbiota. In order to have positive gut health, we must have a balanced gut system, with the right growth of positive bacteria. Prebiotics in Lion’s Mane feed our internal probiotics. 

Compared to traditional treatments of gastritis stomach pain, which may focus on pharmaceutical drugs commonly causing unwanted side effects, medicinal mushrooms like lion’s mane extract are a safe and pain-free solution for repairing the stomach and gut ecosystem. A high quality Lion’s Mane extract not only benefits the stomach by reducing pain and inflammation, but it can significantly lower a patient’s chances of further ailments caused by ulcers and corrosion.

Lion’s Mane can also perform symbiotically alongside other treatment options, both natural and pharmaceutical, to deliver a customized solution for Gastritis stomach pain. 

Lion’s Mane as a Safe Treatment Option

Lion’s Mane research indicates that this medicinal mushroom can offer safe and effective natural relief against gastritis stomach pain, acid reflux, and various other forms of stomach pain and discomfort. The natural treatment option provided here is a powerful solution for conditions wherein exposure to additional medicines and anti-inflammatory substances would generally worsen the condition of gastritis and increase the corrosion of the stomach barrier. 

Lion’s Mane has a strong scientific background as a tool for reducing the growth of dangerous bacteria in the stomach and rebalancing the gut microbiota. Additionally, because this medicinal mushroom is effective at supporting brain and mental health, it can also help users to feel stronger and more emotionally capable of handling periods of discomfort. 

Lion’s mane’s calming effect on the endocrine system and the brain can further promote valuable sleep and rest, which further enhances the healing properties of the gut system and encourages a quicker recovery. Used alongside other medicinal mushroom extracts, Lion’s Mane can also have a variety of other benefits in tandem with positive mushroom supplements like Reishi, for the reduction of inflammation.  

Help for sleep problems with Medicinal Mushrooms: Causes and solutions

The UK is a seriously sleep deprived nation, reveals a new study from Direct Line Life Insurance. Over 7.5 million people (14 per cent) sleep for less than five hours a night on average, which is seen as a dangerously low level and a threat to mental and physical health by medical professionals. It is widely recommended that adults have between seven and nine hours of sleep per night.

Find out more now about the importance of sleep for your body and mind, the causes of sleep problems and how you can fall asleep faster and sleep better.


  • Sleep and its importance for body and mind
  • What are the sleep problems? 
  • Why can’t I sleep?
  • What are the effects of sleep disorders?
  • What treatments are available?
  • Personal help for a better night’s sleep
  • Conclusion: good sleep is important for health, performance and quality of life.

Sleep and its importance for body and mind

Adequate sleep is not only essential for your health, well-being and performance, it’s vital! It has been proven that long-term sleep deprivation leads to death. 

While you sleep, many regenerative processes take place in your body. Not only does the immune system fill up with energy, but the maintenance and repair of the body’s cells is also accelerated. For sportspeople, sleep is particularly important, as night-time rest is essential for developing and maintaining muscle mass. (1) 

Sleep also promotes balance between body and mind, helps to assimilate experiences and even promotes learning.

What are sleep problems and when can we talk about sleep disorders?

Few people manage to get into bed and fall asleep immediately. Nor is a sleepless night a serious sign of insomnia. However, if problems accumulate, they may be linked to sleep problems.

If you are unable to fall asleep within 10 to 20 minutes of going to bed, this may be the first sign of a sleep disorder. The time it takes to fall asleep is known as sleep latency. If staying asleep becomes a regular problem, this is also a sign of a sleep disorder. 

But at the very latest, if you experience such sleep problems at least three times a week over the space of a month, you have a pathological sleep disorder (insomnia).

Why can’t I sleep?

Fear of an exam, conflicts in your private life or stress at work – there can be many reasons for poor sleep. The good news is that once the stress factor has been eliminated, sleep quality generally returns. If sleep problems persist over the long term, serious illnesses – neurological or psychiatric, for example – may be the cause.

The most common causes of insomnia are :

  • Stress
  • Working in a team
  • Alcohol or drugs
  • Too much caffeine
  • Illnesses (e.g. depression)
  • Medication (e.g. special antibiotics)
  • Personality traits (e.g. low self-esteem or pronounced perfectionism)
  • Menopause

People who work in teams in particular find it difficult to get good quality, restorative sleep. The alternation of morning, evening and night shifts does not correspond to the human body’s internal biological clock. As a shift worker, you should therefore consider all the possibilities for preventing sleep problems at an early stage (see the chapter on self-help).

What are the effects of sleep disorders?

Sleep disorders can have serious consequences for quality of life and entail health risks. The ability to concentrate suffers, cognitive functions are affected and emotional balance is disturbed. The immune system also suffers, and the risk of various illnesses – such as cardiovascular and metabolic diseases – increases.

Scientific studies also prove that chronic sleep deprivation promotes obesity. (2) Even more fatal, permanent sleep deprivation is even linked to increased mortality. (3) This is also illustrated by the fact that chronic sleep disorders are closely linked to suicide. (4) Generally speaking, lack of sleep increases the risk of depression. Because of the many health risks involved, sleep problems need to be taken seriously. If you suffer from sleep disorders, it is essential that they are treated by a doctor.

What treatments are available?

Pathological sleep disorders should be treated by a doctor. Your first point of contact is your family doctor. In some cases, it may be necessary to refer you to a sleep specialist.

Different treatment options can be considered depending on the underlying causes of the sleep disorder. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) can be useful in cases of sleep disorders. Medication may also be considered. 

It is important that sleep medication should only be used if absolutely necessary. In addition, they should only be taken for a short period of time. Sleeping pills such as benzodiazepines are prescription drugs that can lead to physical and psychological dependence after only a short period. You should also be aware that taking sleeping pills can have side effects.

Personal help for a better night’s sleep

If you occasionally experience slight sleep problems or would like to improve your sleep, the following advice may be useful.

Studies: physical activity and sport promote better sleep

A scientific study has found that physical activity such as jogging or brisk walking helps older adults suffering from chronic insomnia to improve the quality of their sleep (5).

Weight training can also help improve sleep. According to one study, morning workouts reduced the time it took to fall asleep, while exercises performed later in the day resulted in fewer night-time awakenings. Training sessions in the second half of the day also reduced periods of nocturnal wakefulness (6).

Sleep hygiene: follow these rules

The term “sleep hygiene” covers certain behaviours that promote healthy, restorative sleep. A fixed sleep rhythm – i.e. fixed times for going to bed and getting up – is particularly useful. A limited time slot for sleep (sleep restriction) is also an effective approach for treating patients suffering from sleep disorders. Studies conducted in the 1980s have already confirmed its effectiveness. (7)

You should also avoid taking in large quantities of food and liquids before going to bed. At the same time, it’s not a good idea to go to bed hungry. Avoid drinking alcohol in the time before going to sleep. cigarettes and drinks containing caffeine. 

If you do take a nap, opt for a short one lasting no more than 30 minutes. As a general rule, you should ensure that your sleeping environment is pleasant. This means a cool, dark room. Darkness is particularly important, because it is in the dark that melatonin, the sleep hormone, is secreted.

Do medicinal mushrooms help you sleep better?

Among the many active substances present in certain mushrooms, several have been studied for their potential benefits on sleep. Although further clinical trials are needed to confirm these effects, a number of promising avenues are emerging. Among the most widely studied mushrooms are Reishi (Ganoderma lucidum), Lion’s Mane (Hericium erinaceus) and Cordyceps (Cordyceps sinensis).

Reishi (Ganoderma lucidum) is known in France as ganoderma luisant. Interestingly, the “mushroom of eternal life”, as reishi is also known, is regularly the subject of sleep studies. The reason is obvious, because to this day, reishi is used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) to treat insomnia. And indeed: Scientists have found evidence of a potential sleep-promoting effect – at least in animal experiments. When mice were given reishi extract, not only was the time taken to fall asleep shortened, but the duration of sleep was also extended. (8) 

On the other hand, a study of eight Japanese undergraduate students evaluated the efficacy of Lion’s Mane in the treatment of chronic sleep disorders. After one month’s supplementation with Lion’s Mane extract, the group reported a reduction in anxiety and insomnia. As for Cordyceps sinensis, its cordycepin composition makes it interesting for future research. This adenosine analogue could be an interesting candidate for improving sleep. Adenosine, produced during wakefulness, accumulates progressively and promotes sleep by gradually inhibiting cerebral activity. During the night, adenosine is gradually eliminated. Because of its similar structure, cordycepin could have comparable effects when it interacts with adenosine receptors, thereby promoting sleep.

The aim of future studies should be to confirm these indications and clarify whether the effect can also be proven in humans.

Use relaxation techniques

Whether it’s progressive muscle relaxation, autogenic training or breathing exercises, all these measures can help you relax. Physical tension and racing thoughts often prevent you from getting to sleep. Meditation, yoga or tai chi can also help.

Conclusion: good sleep is important for health, performance and quality of life

Sleep is not only important for health, performance and well-being, it’s also vital! Regular sleep problems are therefore a problem to be taken seriously, as quality of life suffers and health risks appear. 

The causes can be of various kinds. Stress is considered to be one of the main causes of poor sleep. You can talk about a pathological sleep disorder (insomnia) if you suffer from sleep problems at least three times a week over a period of three months. This may involve difficulty in falling asleep or sleep disorders. 

If you have serious sleep problems, consult a doctor! While pathological sleep disorders should always be treated by professionals, you can start by treating yourself for occasional, mild sleep problems. 

As well as exercise and sport, optimal sleep hygiene is a good place to start. This includes adopting a fixed sleep rhythm, not consuming alcohol, caffeine or nicotine close to bedtime, and darkening the bedroom to allow the secretion of melatonin, the sleep hormone.

A reishi-based dietary supplement may also be considered, as studies show that animals fall asleep faster and sleep for longer. However, this effect has not yet been proven beyond doubt in humans.


  1. Pål Jåbekk, Rein M Jensen, Martin B Sandell, Erin Haugen, Line M Katralen, Bjørn Bjorvatn, NCBI, “A randomized controlled pilot trial of sleep health education on body composition changes following 10 weeks’ resistance exercise”
  2. Sanjay R Patel, Atul Malhotra, David P White, Daniel J Gottlieb, Frank B Hu, NCBI, “Association between reduced sleep and weight gain in women”
  3. Jane E Ferrie, Martin J Shipley, Francesco P Cappuccio, Eric Brunner, Michelle A Miller, Meena Kumari, Michael G Marmot, NCBI, “A prospective study of change in sleep duration: associations with mortality in the Whitehall II cohort”
  4. Andrea A Woznica, Colleen E Carney, Janice R Kuo, Taryn G Moss, NCBI, “The insomnia and suicide link: toward an enhanced understanding of this relationship”,
  5. Kathryn J Reid, Kelly Glazer Baron, Brandon Lu, Erik Naylor, Lisa Wolfe, Phyllis C Zee, NCBI, “Aerobic exercise improves self-reported sleep and quality of life in older adults with insomnia” 
  6. Jessica R Alley, John W Mazzochi, Caroline J Smith, David M Morris, Scott R Collier, NCBI, “Effects of resistance exercise timing on sleep architecture and nocturnal blood pressure”
  7. A J Spielman, P Saskin, M J Thorpy, NCBI, “Treatment of chronic insomnia by restriction of time in bed”
  8. Chunyan Yao, Zhiyuan Wang, Huiyong Jiang, Ren Yan, Qianfei Huang, Yin Wang, Hui Xie, Ying Zou, Ying Yu, Longxian Lv, “Ganoderma lucidum promotes sleep through a gut microbiota-dependent and serotonin-involved pathway in mice”

How can Medicinal Mushrooms help support your child with ADHD

Introduction to ADHD 

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a behavioural disorder that affects children, typically beginning to manifest around the ages of 3-6. It is characterised by difficulty in focusing, difficulty in controlling one’s impulses, and an inclination to be easily distracted and often hyperactive.

Understanding ADHD

When it comes to parenting a child with ADHD, it’s important to understand the condition and the nuances that come with it. For instance, it’s important to recognize that attention problems are often the primary symptom of ADHD, but additionally, ADHD affects impulse control, working memory, and the ability to plan and to organize tasks.

Adding Medicinal Mushrooms to your Child’s Diet

Given the physical and mental difficulties that come with ADHD, adding medicinal mushrooms to your child’s diet can provide numerous benefits. Medicinal mushrooms are adaptogens, natural substances that help the body adapt to various levels of stress. This helps to reduce the symptoms of ADHD such as hyperactivity and impulsivity. 

Options for Medicinal Mushrooms

There are various types of medicinal mushrooms, many of which have have been used for generations in various parts of the world . Examples of medicinal mushrooms include Reishi, Cordyceps, and Turkey Tail. 

Reishi Mushroom

The Reishi mushroom has anti-inflammatory properties which helps reduce the overactivity caused by ADHD. Additionally, this mushroom is rich in antioxidants and helps to promote overall mental and physical wellbeing. 

Reishi may be helpful for people with ADHD because it is believed to have calming effects and has been used in traditional Chinese medicine to reduce stress and improve mental focus. Studies have also found that the antioxidants in Reishi can help protect brain cells from damage and improve overall brain health, which may be beneficial to people with ADHD. Additionally, Reishi is thought to reduce inflammation and improve immune system functioning, which may help improve ADHD symptoms related to inflammation.

A 2011 study on mice found that taking Reishi extract decreased hyperactivity and improved cognitive functioning. However, no human studies have yet been done on the effects of Reishi on ADHD symptoms.

Cordyceps Mushroom

Cordyceps is a medicinal mushroom known for its immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, and neuroprotective properties. The mushroom contains several bioactive compounds, such as polysaccharides, ergosterol, and adenosine. These compounds have been studied for their potential therapeutic applications in conditions such as cancer, diabetes, cholesterol, asthma, and fatigue. In recent years, some studies have suggested that this medicinal mushroom may help to reduce symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

One recent review of the literature looked at five randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of Cordyceps supplementation for the management of ADHD. The review concluded that Cordyceps may be beneficial in improving symptoms associated with ADHD, such as impulsivity, hyperactivity, inattention, and executive function. However, the review noted that due to the limited number of studies and the methodological shortcomings of the studies reviewed, more large-scale, well-controlled clinical trials are needed to support the potential therapeutic use of Cordyceps in individuals with ADHD.

Lion’s Mane Mushroom

Lion’s Mane (Hericium erinaceus) is a medicinal mushroom that has been studied for its potential role in helping to improve symptoms of ADHD by targeting the gut. Numerous studies have found that improving gut health can help reduce symptoms of ADHD, including hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention.

Research suggests that Lion’s Mane may directly improve gut health by protecting and enhancing the growth of beneficial gut bacteria. Specifically, a mouse study found that Lion’s Mane increased the number of beneficial Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium species, while reducing potentially harmful bacteria like Escherichia coli. 

Furthermore, animal studies have shown that Lion’s Mane can help reduce inflammation in the gut which, in turn, can improve gut health. Inflammation in the gut has been linked to a wide range of neurological, metabolic and psychological conditions, including ADHD. 

Finally, Lion’s Mane can support the growth of new neurons in the brain. This neuron growth is highly beneficial for ADHD as it helps restore communication between the brain and the gut. Improved communication between the gut and the brain is believed to be critical for reducing ADHD symptoms, as it helps to boost cognitive function and emotional well-being.

Overall, Lion’s Mane appears to be a promising natural medicine for helping reduce ADHD symptoms, especially when used in concert with lifestyle interventions aimed at improving gut health..

Benefits of Adding Medicinal Mushrooms

Adding medicinal mushrooms to your child’s diet can have numerous benefits. Not only can it improve their physical wellbeing, but it can also reduce the symptoms of ADHD, such as hyperactivity and impulsivity. It can also improve concentration and focus, allowing your child to take on tasks with greater ease. Additionally, medicinal mushrooms can support the body’s natural healing process and promote optimal mental health. 


When it comes to supporting your child with ADHD, medicinal mushrooms can provide numerous benefits. Not only can they reduce the symptoms of ADHD, but they can also improve concentration and focus and promote overall mental and physical wellbeing. So try adding medicinal mushrooms to your child’s diet and experience the positive effects it can have. 


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Joint Inflammation Treatment with Medical Mushrooms

Joint inflammation pain, often associated with conditions like osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, can be a chronic and debilitating condition. The inflammation of the joints and tissues throughout the body is common today. Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis affect around one in every fifty people throughout the UK, and gout-based arthritis affects one in 200 people. 

Traditionally, joint inflammation treatment has focused on using anti-inflammatory products, NSAIDs, and other common medications for the treatment of symptoms. Undergoing physical therapy treatments and lifestyle changes can also drive positive outcomes, reducing pain and inflammation while improving flexibility. 

Unfortunately, traditional treatment options are often deemed ineffective for long-term conditions. Chronic over-use of NSAIDs as anti-inflammatories can disrupt the gut microbiota, increasing the risk of future infection, while causing an increased risk of ulcers, and gastrointestinal problems. Medicinal mushrooms offer a natural alternative to minimise potential risks.

A Natural Joint InflammationTreatment

Around 24% of the EU population, according to OAFI foundation members, currently undergoes long-term medical interventions for muscle, bone, and joint problems. Among this population, a significant number of those receiving traditional joint inflammation treatment will experience negative side effects.

Alternatively, research into natural treatment demonstrates an opportunity to alleviate inflammation and improve immune system response, without risk. Researchers have discovered the ability of compounds and enzymes in medical mushrooms for the treatment of joint pain and inflammation. 

Dietary changes and exposure to natural-based solutions for nutritional treatment are already common in the treatment of joint inflammation. Antioxidants are widely regarded as a valuable tool to fight inflammation and support the immune system. Vitamins A, C and K can also protect the cells from free radical damage and contribute to bone health. 

Medicinal mushrooms are a valuable source of natural antiinflammatories, immunomodulators,  vitamins, minerals, and other bioactive compounds for nutritional health. These substances include polysaccharides, phenolic compounds and terpenoids, which directly influence inflammation in the human body. 

Studies demonstrate that various species of medicinal mushrooms have the ability to fight back against dangerous sources of inflammation in the body, with:

  • High levels of essetial amino acids, vitamins, and minerals
  • Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and antiviral compounds
  • Immunomodulation support (to reduce the inflammatory immune system response)

Medicinal Mushrooms for Joint Inflammation Treatment

There are various kinds of mushrooms capable of supporting the body via immunomodulation and anti-inflammatory activities. One of the most impressive variants discovered in recent studies is the Cordyceps sinensis

Research demonstrates this kind of mushroom has powerful anti-inflammatory properties. Studies are beginning to reveal that the compounds in Cordyceps mushrooms can reduce pain and prevent the condition from progressing, without using the standard methods of anti-inflammatory pain killers. Experts believe this “new class of painkiller”, could deliver relief to treatment-resistant patients.

Cordyceps research highlights the expression of a protein factor in osteoarthritis conditions called polyadenylation factor CPSF4. This causes the activation of macrophages for inflammation. Using Cordyceps can effectively supress the mechanisms set into motion by increased CPSF4 levels, and supress inflammation positively as a result.

Further study in the UK has discovered that Cordycepin from Cordyceps mushrooms can effectively deliver pain relief without the side effects of common anti-inflammatories. 

Elsewhere, Reishi mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum), can attack and reverse immunosenescence, improving the natural performance of the immune system through polysaccharides, triterpenes, and immunomodulatory proteins. This helps to promote healthier immune systems against infections and pain, while suppressing the risk of excessive or chronic inflammation – like that we see in joint inflammation. 

Reishi mushroom, Grifola frondosa (Maitake), Lentinula edodes (Shiitake), and Agaricus blazei (Royal Sun Agaricus) are also effective at reducing the natural signals for inflammation within the body that occur in people with chronic conditions like inflammatory joint diseases. These mushrooms are apoptogenic substances, capable of adapting to the needs of the body. What’s more, they promote the stabilization of the natural immune system cycle, reducing the growth of dendritic cells and macrophages responsible for long-term inflammation.

Addressing Both Immunomodulation and Inflammation

The majority of joint inflammation treatments in the traditional pharmaceutical environment look for tools to reduce the inflammation in the human body and minimise pain. While medicinal mushrooms can also reduce inflammation and pain in people with this condition, they also go beyond the management of inflammatory substances to address the underlying immune system issues that can prompt further pain in the future. 

Research into medicinal mushrooms as a solution for joint inflammation finds that its bioactive molecules can improve the performance of the immune system on a significant level. Reishi mushrooms, for instance, can suppress inflammatory cytokines common during chronic inflammation for people with rheumatoid arthritis, without suppressing the rest of the immune system responses. In chronic conditions like joint inflammation, medicinal mushrooms can improve overall body performance, while improving quality of life for the patients. 

Studies already demonstrate the power of medicinal mushrooms in organic, concentrated extracts for the natural relief of inflammation and joint pain. These substances are safe, free from unnecessary side effects, and available to use as a complement to existing therapies.

All about Lion’s Mane

Lion’s Mane (Hericium erinaceus) is a medicinal mushroom that has been used for centuries in traditional Asian medicine, especially in China, Japan and Korea, because of its health benefits.

Lion’s Mane has been studied extensively for its medicinal properties. It contains bioactive compounds, such as polysaccharides, beta-glucans, erinacins and hericenones, which are believed to provide various human health benefits.

Some of the possible benefits and applications of Lion’s Mane in human health include:

1. Neuroprotective properties: 

Compounds present in Lion’s Mane, such as erinacins and hericenones, have been shown to have neuroprotective effects, including the following:

1.1. Growth and regeneration of nerve cells, which may be beneficial in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. These compounds in Lion’s Mane can stimulate the synthesis of nerve growth factors, such as nerve growth factor (NGF), which plays a crucial role in the development, maintenance and survival of nerve cells.

1.2. Supporting myelination: Myelin is a substance that coats and insulates nerve fibres, allowing efficient transmission of electrical signals in the nervous system. It has been suggested that Lion’s Mane may help promote myelination by stimulating the production of oligodendrocytes, the cells responsible for the formation of myelin.

2. Improved cognitive health:

Several studies have investigated the effects of Lion’s Mane on brain function as follows:

2.1.  Nerve growth factor stimulation: Lion’s Mane has been linked to stimulating the production of nerve growth factor (NGF), which is a protein vital for the growth, maintenance and survival of nerve cells. It has been shown in laboratory studies that the bioactive components of Lion’s Mane can increase the synthesis and release of NGF, potentially helping to improve cognitive function.

2.2. Improved memory and learning: Administration of Lion’s Mane extracts has been shown to improve performance in spatial memory and recognition tests in animal models. These effects may be related to Lion’s Mane’s ability to stimulate NGF and promote neurogenesis in the hippocampus, a brain region important for memory and learning.

2.3. Protection against cognitive impairment: Some clinical studies have investigated the effects of Lion’s Mane in people with mild cognitive impairment and dementia. Supplementation with Lion’s Mane has been found to improve cognitive symptoms.

3. Possible gastroprotective effects:

Some studies suggest that Lion’s Mane may have protective effects on the gastrointestinal system as follows:

3.1.  Gastric mucosal protection: Compounds in Lion’s Mane may help strengthen the protective barrier of the gastric mucosa and reduce damage caused by irritants such as stress, ulcers and dietary irritants.

3.2. Reducing gastrointestinal inflammation: Chronic inflammation in the gastrointestinal system can contribute to the development of diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease and irritable bowel syndrome. The anti-inflammatory compounds present in Lion’s Mane may help reduce inflammation and alleviate associated symptoms.

3.3. Improving intestinal health: Studies have shown that Lion’s Mane can help strengthen the intestinal barrier and regulate gastrointestinal function. This may be beneficial in preventing damage to the intestinal mucosa and promoting healthy digestion.

4. Antioxidant activity:

Here are some highlights related to the antioxidant activity of Lion’s Mane:

4.1. Antioxidant content: Lion’s Mane contains a variety of natural antioxidants, such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione and other phenolic compounds. These antioxidants have the ability to neutralise free radicals, which are unstable and highly reactive molecules that can damage the body’s cells and tissues.

4.2. Protection against oxidative stress: Oxidative stress has been associated with ageing, inflammation and the development of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, neurodegenerative diseases and cancer. The antioxidants present in Lion’s Mane may help counteract oxidative stress and protect cells from oxidative damage.

4.3. Supporting healthy ageing: The antioxidants present in Lion’s Mane may help reduce cell damage and protect against premature ageing. This may have overall benefits for health and well-being as you age.

5. Immunomodulatory effects:

The polysaccharides and beta-glucans present in Lion’s Mane have been associated with immunomodulatory properties, meaning that they can modulate the body’s immune response. These compounds have been shown to stimulate the production of immune cells, such as macrophages and natural killer cells, and enhance the immune response to infections.


Food supplements based on Lion’s Mane can help maintain health without interacting with other medicines. However, certain quality criteria regarding organic cultivation and extraction method must be guaranteed. Important information on the quality and safety of food supplements can be found on our quality page.

How can your gut affect your mood and the role of Medicinal Mushrooms in improving the microbiota?

For centuries, we have been living with the belief that our mental health is strictly connected to our physical health. However, in more recent years, science has shifted its focus to the relationship between the gut and our mental health. Emerging research highlights the importance of the gut-brain axis, and the fascinating role it plays in depression and mental health in general. 

Exploring the Gut-Brain Axis and Depression

The concept of “the gut-brain axis” is the study of the bidirectional communication between the gastrointestinal tract and the brain. It links the nervous system with the intestinal system via complex pathways and mechanisms. In its simplest form, it involves hormones, neurotransmitters, and sensory fibres all transmitting messages from the brain to the gut, and vice versa

Ongoing research has revealed that this connection can have a major effect on mental health conditions such as depression. In fact, scientists have established that in up to 70 percent of people with depression, gastrointestinal disturbances are observed before the onset of the disease

The Gut Microbiome and Mental Health 

The gut-brain axis is modulated and regulated by the gut microbiome – the collection of microorganisms that live in our gastrointestinal tract. This microbiome is made up of trillions of bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses, which are essential to the functioning of the digestive system and the overall health of our bodies. 

Recent research has suggested that the microbiome can regulate many functions and pathways, particularly those associated with the gut-brain axis. In fact, scientists believe that the microbiome can influence the development of mental health conditions by potentially altering neurotransmitter production, inflammation responses, and the absorption of essential nutrients. 

This means that alterations in the gut microbiome, or dysbiosis, can have a powerful effect on the gut-brain axis. And, as a result, the risk for depression increases.

Medicinal Mushrooms: Nature’s Support for Mental Health 

Fortunately, there are several natural ways to support the gut microbiome, and thus the gut-brain axis. One of these ways is by taking medicinal mushrooms, which are known for their healing properties.

Medicinal mushrooms such as reishi, shiitake and lion’s mane are a powerful source of nutrition and support for the gut microbiome. They contain beneficial compounds such as polysaccharides, beta-glucans, amino acids, and sterols, which are all essential to a healthy gut

Furthermore, medicinal mushrooms are rich in antioxidants, which help to reduce oxidative stress and support the body’s natural defences. This, in turn, can help to reduce inflammation, which is believed to be a contributing factor to the development of depression. 

Additionally, medicinal mushrooms have been known to support mental wellbeing via their effect on mood and cognitive functioning. They are thought to potentially reduce anxiety and depression by regulating the production of serotonin and dopamine. 

How does Reishi Support the Gut Brain Axis:

Reishi has been found to support the gut-brain axis by modulating the activity of the sympathetic nervous system and endocrine system, which can help lessen anxiety and improve mood. It has been found to stimulate the proliferation of beneficial gut bacteria, reduce inflammation, and improve the production of immune cells in the gut, all of which help maintain a healthy balance in the digestive system, which in turn is believed to ultimately help with mental health and function. Reishi can also help improve communication between the gut and brain, which is similarly believed to help with mental health and brain function.

The role of Shiitake in Gut-Brain axis

Shiitake mushrooms contain beneficial compounds, including beta-glucans, which can provide a powerful boost to the gut-brain axis. Beta-glucans are known to beneficially modulate the immune system by increasing the production of immune cells in the intestine and modulating the production of inflammatory cytokines. Furthermore, the beta-glucans present in Shiitake are said to have an impact on the composition of the gut microbiota. This, in turn, influences the communication that exists between the gut and the brain. In addition to the potential immune benefits, Shiitake also contains complex carbohydrates that can help to feed the healthy gut bacteria that are important for supporting the gut-brain axis. Ultimately, consuming Shiitake mushrooms can provide a range of positive benefits to the gut-brain axis.

The role of Lion’s Mane in Gut-Brain Axis

Lion’s mane has been found to have prebiotic properties. Prebiotics helps to restore balance to the gut microbiota, which is important for keeping the gut-brain axis healthy. Additionally, Lion’s mane may reduce inflammation in the gut, which in turn has a positive effect on cognitive functioning. Finally, Lion’s mane has been studied for its ability to reduce anxiety and stress, two emotional states that can disrupt the gut-brain axis.


The connection between the gut-brain axis and depression is increasingly being supported by scientific research. This means that individuals have an opportunity to address their mental health condition in a holistic manner – rather than just relying on synthetic medications.

Medicinal mushrooms are emerging as a powerful way to support mental health conditions such as depression. Not only do they provide essential nutrition to the gut microbiome, but they can also reduce oxidative stress, and inflammation, and regulate neurotransmitter production. 

By nourishing the body with the right nutrition, we may be able to support the gut-brain axis and promote mental health for ourselves and our loved ones. 


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Dhingra, D., Kalra, B. P., Goyal, P. K. & Dhingra, S. Impact of Medicinal mushrooms on human health and their therapeutic implications. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 57, 2526–2540 (2017).

Post viral fatigue treatment: A holistic approach

The British Medical Journal has recently defined long Covid as a kind of post viral fatigue which occurs in those recovering from the Covid infection. There are currently around 300,000 people in the UK who report symptoms of Covid lasting for more than 1 month, and over 60,000 of the respondents had symptoms after 3 months. 

Post viral fatigue treatment is a concept generating increased research and attention following the Covid pandemic. The term post viral fatigue applies to all forms of physical, emotional, and immune-system exhaustion occurring following a viral infection. 

Before the Covid-19 pandemic, the most common cause of post-viral fatigue was the flu, known for causing extended symptoms of headaches, lymph swelling, and unexplained pain. Now, long Covid fatigue has emerged as a consistent concern for patients recovering from the SARS- COV-2 infection. 

Defining Post viral Fatigue Syndrome

Post viral fatigue syndrome is still poorly understood. Currently researchers have revealed various symptoms associated with post viral fatigue which replicate symptoms of the initial viral infection. For Covid, this may include an extended cough, breathlessness, and muscle pain. In all post-viral fatigue cases, the most common symptom is exhaustion. 

The trigger for post viral fatigue appears to be a reaction of the immune system to the virus itself. Scientists are still not fully sure why post-viral fatigue occurs, but it’s believed that the issue emerges from improper immune reaction to an initial infection, and an increased release of cytokines, prompting inflammation and imbalance in the body. 

Current post viral fatigue treatment aims to address the symptoms of the condition. Post viral fatigue diet and wellness exercises can aid recovery. Most physicians recommend taking over-the-counter pain relief and following a good sleeping schedule. However, this doesn’t cure the fundamental immune system issue. 

Alternatively, medicinal mushrooms could provide a more comprehensive treatment strategy, using adaptogenic components and immune modulation to improve the natural balance of the body, and address the underlying causes of post viral fatigue. 

Medicinal Mushrooms for Post Viral Fatigue Treatment 

Increasingly, post viral fatigue NHS research indicates that the treatment for this condition must be tailored to suit the specific individual. This is particularly crucial in the case of the SARs-CoV-2 virus, which appears to be similar to an endothelial disease, influencing the link between the blood and tissues in the human body. 

Failure to respond to post viral fatigue symptoms deeply affects quality of life of these patients who have to deal with the prolonged symptoms of extreme fatigue, general unwellness, poor sleep, muscle and joint pain, minimal concentration, and even heart palpitations. 

Medicinal mushrooms represent a powerful step in the right direction for post viral fatigue diet and natural treatment. The selection of high quality medicinal mushroom products offer a natural way to enhance energy and mood and, at the same time, modulate the immune system. These beneficial effects that medicinal mushrooms offer are due to their internal active compounds, which can be found in the labels of high quality products. Used in combination, various types of medicinal mushrooms can have a synergistic effect on post viral fatigue and other types of ailments. 

Cordyceps has a long history of being a mushroom of vitality, improving energy levels, endurance and strength. Athletes use Cordyceps to improve exercise performance, because the extracts of these mushrooms can improve the VO2 max, and oxygen use of the body. Improved oxygen usage could be particularly valuable for recovery from a disease like COVID. 

Cordyceps also increases sexual function, memory performance, and the ability to fight against free radicals, aging, and ongoing disease. The components of Cordyceps, like cordycepin,  also allow for the reduction of inflammation. Inflammation is one of the primary causes of post viral fatigue symptoms, meaning that the correct dosing of cordyceps could assist with reducing short-term symptoms too. Modern research shows Cordyceps’ being effective at boosting mechanisms of energy production, lactic acid management, muscular function and cellular oxygenation

Reishi can also improve the body’s response to post viral fatigue. Reishi is an adaptogen, like Cordyceps, with proven antifatigue effects capable of improving the performance of the immune system while balancing the natural homeostasis of the human body. Reishi can also have a positive impact on the gut microbiota, which is highly beneficial for enhancing the connection of the body’s gut-brain axis, as well as protecting for future infections. 

Overcoming Post Viral Fatigue

Post-viral fatigue is an exhausting and frustrating condition for a patient to experience following an infection. Harsh treatments can worsen feelings of fatigue or place the body under increased stress. Medicinal mushrooms, alternatively, offer a natural solution to addressing not just the symptoms of post viral fatigue, but the immune system issues that may prompt future infection issues. 

High quality medicinal mushroom nutraceuticals can enhance the performance of the body and the natural immune system functions we rely on.